中国在职研究生网 >> >> 正文

历年GCT英语考试阅读真题及答案5

2014-03-10 15:22       来源:    http://www.zzyjs.com

The exact number of english words is not known. the large dictionaries have over half a million entries, but many of these are compound words (schoolroom, sugar bowl) or different derivatives of the same word (rare—rarely, rarefy), and a good many are obsolete words to help us read older literature. dictionaries do not attempt to cover completely words that we can draon: the informal vocabulary, especially slang, localism, the terms of various occupations and professions; words use only occasionally by scientists and specialists in many fields; foreign words borrowed for use in english; or many new words or new senses of words that come into use every year and that may or may not be used long enough to warrant being included. it would be conservative to say that there are over a million english words that any of us might meet in our listening and reading and that we may draw on in our speaking and writing.

Professor seashore concluded that first graders enter school with at least 2,000 words and add 5,000 each year so that they leave high school with at least 80,000. these figures are for recognition vocabulary, the words we understand when we read or hear them. our active vocabulary, the words we use in speaking and writing, is considerably smaller.

you cannot always produce a word exactly when you want it. but consciously using the words you recognize in reading will help get them into your active vocabulary. occasionally in your reading pay particular attention to these words, especially when the subject is one that you might well write or talk about. underline or make a list of words that you feel a need for and look up the less familiar ones in a dictionary. and then before very long find a way to use some of them.

once you know how they are pronounced and what they stand for, you can safely use them.

1. in the author′ s estimation, there are ____ words in english.

a. more than half a million b. at least 24,000

c. at least 80,000 d. more than a million

2. the word “obsolete” most probably means ____.

a. no longer in use b. profoundc. colorful or amusing d. common

3. one′ s recognition vocabulary is ____.

a. less often used than his active vocabularyb. smaller than his active vocabulary

c. as large as his active vocabularyd. much larger than his active vocabulary

4. the author does not suggest getting recognition vocabulary into active vocabulary by ____.

a. making a list of words you need and looking up the new ones in a dictionary

b. everyday spending half an hour study the dictionary

c. consciously using the words you recognize in reading

d. trying to use the words you recognize

5. from this passage we learn that ____.

a. dictionaries completely cover the words we can make use of

b. “schoolroom” is used in the passage as an example of a specialized term

c. once you know how a word is pronounced and what it represents, you have turned it into your active word

d. active vocabulary refers to words we understand when we read and hear them

1.【答案】d。

【解析】在第一段中明确写道:保守估计,在听说读写各方面可能会遇到的英语单词超过一百万个。从这一句我们可以看出d项“一百万多个”是正确的。a项不正确,而b项是指高中毕业生的词汇量,c项是指一年级学生的词汇量。

2.【答案】a。

【解析】对这一题我们可以通过上下文的意思来判断,文中写道obsolete words是用来帮助我们阅读古代文学的,由此我们可推断出,obsolete words是用于古代文学中的,即老式词,所以a项“不再使用的”与原文相近,b、c、d都不正确。

3.【答案】d。

【解析】在第二段末尾,明确提到recognition vocabulary(认识词汇)是用于读或听的词汇,active vocabulary(会用的词汇)是说和写时用的词汇,后者比前者小得多,即会用的词汇小于认识的词汇,这样不难看出d项是正确的,而a项“比会用的词汇用得少”,这在原文中未曾提及,b、c两项与原文意思不符。

4.【答案】b。

【解析】这一题要求我们对原文充分理解后,结合排除法来做。文中第三段讨论了这个问题,我们可以在其中发现a项:把你需要用的词列成一张单子,然后在字典中查出生词的涵义,c项:有意识地多用你在阅读中认识的新词,d项:尝试使用你认识的词。在排除以上三项之后只有b项,每天读半小时的字典符合题意。

5.【答案】c。

【解析】这一题要求对全文通篇有所理解后才能决定出答案,并且这种题无法从文中找到一个可用判断的确切依据,须用排除法结合大意来做。a项认为“字典完全包括我们所用的词汇”,而原文中提到字典并不企图完全包含我们所用的词汇“,因此a是不正确的。b项认为”schoolroom在本文中用于说明特定术语“,而文中提到schoolroom时是作为复合词的例证,因此b是不正确的。c项认为”一旦你知道一个词如何发音且代表什么,你就掌握了这一单词“,这与原文中的”一旦你知道一个词如何发音且代表着什么,你就能安全地运用它“的意思相符,所以c项是正确的。

推荐阅读:

历年GCT英语考试阅读真题及答案1

历年GCT英语考试阅读真题及答案2

2013GCT考试英语真题A卷(高清版)

在职读研实用信息
版权声明
    凡本站稿件类型为“原创”的所有文字、图片和音视频等稿件,均为启文教育网版权所有,未经本站协议授权,任何媒体、网站及个人均不得转载或以其它方式发表,违者必究。如需转载,请注明出处。
相关资讯文章
热点推荐简章

相关简章推荐 更多简章

推荐阅读

网友阅读

在职研究生热门专业

  • 专业名称详情
京ICP备05038589号 京公海网安备110108001632北京市海淀区启文培训学校
常年法律顾问 华泰律师事务所 毛亚斌律师